S. 1998 [109th]: Stolen Valor Act of 2005
One Hundred Ninth Congress
United States of America
AT THE SECOND SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
the third day of January, two thousand and six
amend title 18, United States Code, to enhance protections relating to
the reputation and meaning of the Medal of Honor and other military
decorations and awards, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
Congress makes the following findings:
Fraudulent claims surrounding the receipt of the Medal of Honor, the
distinguished-service cross, the Navy cross, the Air Force cross, the
Purple Heart, and other decorations and medals awarded by the President
or the Armed Forces of the United States damage the reputation and
meaning of such decorations and medals.
(2) Federal law
enforcement officers have limited ability to prosecute fraudulent
claims of receipt of military decorations and medals.
Legislative action is necessary to permit law enforcement officers to
protect the reputation and meaning of military decorations and medals.
SEC. 3. ENHANCED PROTECTION OF MEANING OF MILITARY DECORATIONS AND MEDALS.
Expansion of General Criminal Offense- Subsection (a) of section 704 of
title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `manufactures, or
sells' and inserting `purchases, attempts to purchase, solicits for
purchase, mails, ships, imports, exports, produces blank certificates
of receipt for, manufactures, sells, attempts to sell, advertises for
sale, trades, barters, or exchanges for anything of value'.
Establishment of Criminal Offense Relating to False Claims About
Receipt of Decorations and Medals- Such section 704 is further amended--
(1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
(2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
False Claims About Receipt of Military Decorations or Medals- Whoever
falsely represents himself or herself, verbally or in writing, to have
been awarded any decoration or medal authorized by Congress for the
Armed Forces of the United States, any of the service medals or badges
awarded to the members of such forces, the ribbon, button, or rosette
of any such badge, decoration, or medal, or any colorable imitation of
such item shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than six
months, or both.'; and
(3) in paragraph (1) of subsection
(c), as redesignated by paragraph (1) of this subsection, by inserting
`or (b)' after `subsection (a)'.
(c) Enhanced Penalty for
Offenses Involving Certain Other Medals- Such section 704 is further
amended by adding at the end the following:
`(d) Enhanced Penalty
for Offenses Involving Certain Other Medals- If a decoration or medal
involved in an offense described in subsection (a) or (b) is a
distinguished-service cross awarded under section 3742 of title 10, a
Navy cross awarded under section 6242 of title 10, an Air Force cross
awarded under section 8742 of section 10, a silver star awarded under
section 3746, 6244, or 8746 of title 10, a Purple Heart awarded under
section 1129 of title 10, or any replacement or duplicate medal for
such medal as authorized by law, in lieu of the punishment provided in
the applicable subsection, the offender shall be fined under this
title, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.'.
(d) Conforming Amendments- Subsection (c) of such section 704, as so redesignated, is further amended--
(1) by inserting `Enhanced Penalty for Offenses Involving' before `Congressional Medal of Honor'; and
(2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
`(2) CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR DEFINED- In this subsection, the term `Congressional Medal of Honor' means--
`(A) a medal of honor awarded under section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 10 or section 491 of title 14;
`(B) a duplicate medal of honor issued under section 3754, 6256, or 8754 of title 10 or section 504 of title 14; or
`(C) a replacement of a medal of honor provided under section 3747, 6253, or 8747 of title 10 or section 501 of title 14.'.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.